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Research Grants Awarded


Abbey Camp Roman Settlement
Peter Twinn and Dr Peter Guest of Cardiff University will be targetting specific features of this large site with 11 trenches this summer. A grant of £1,000 from the Society will pay for a fieldwork supervisor for one month.


Upper Quay Street and Lady Bellegate Street, Gloucester
Andrew Armstrong, Gloucester City Archeologist, is applying to Historic England for funds to publish the results of excavations in Upper Quay Street (1989) and Ladybellegate Street (1991). The Society is supporting this application with match funding of £2,500.

Geophysical Survey at Twyning
In 2006 an unfinished zoomorphic copper-alloy escutcheon from a hanging bowl was found in a field near Twyning. Dr James Gerard of Newcastle University hopes that a geophysical survey of the field may reveal the location of an early medieval manfacturing site. The Society has awarded a grant of £1,000 towards the cost of the survey.

Research into the 1607 Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary Flood
Rose Hewlett will be studying the response and recovery aspects of the 1607 flood whilst undertaking an MPhil at the University of Bristol. She has been awarded a grant of up to £1000 to cover her travelling expenses to the various archives holding material for research.

Research into the decline of the textile industry in the Stroud area
Joe Critchley will be studying the social and economic response to the decline of the textile industry within the Frome Valley, Stroud whilst undertaking a Masters by Research in Archaeology at the University at Leicester. He has been awarded a grant of £151 towards research costs at Gloucestershire Archives.


Further excavations at Bagendon
Dr Tom Moore and students from Durham University are returning to Bagendon again this summer to continue the excavations of the Late Iron Age oppidum complex. The Society is supporting this further excavation with a grant of £1000 and members will have an opportunity to participate in the excavations. There will also be an open day on Saturday 12 July.

Geophysical Survey of Campden House
The Chipping Campden History Society is arranging for a geophysical survey to be carried out on the site of Old Campden House which was burnt down during the Civil War. The Society is providing a grant of £900 to cover the costs of this survey.

St Mary's Church, Deerhurst
The Society has granted a sum, not exceeding £1234.80, for a photogrammetric survey of the south elevation of St Mary's Church, Deerhurst. This will enable examination of this complex wall with four or five principal phases of construction and lead to a greater understanding of the development of this Anglo-Saxon church.


Research Bristol's commercial shipping
Dr Matthew Neale of the University of Leicester is researching Bristol's commercial shipping and the criminal commission of the High Court of Admiralty, c. 1750-1834. These records are held in The National Archives at Kew and Dr Neale has been awarded £600 towards the cost of visiting Kew to compile the cases involving ships and mariners from Bristol. He intends to produce a detailed survey of the available records for the use of future scholars and investigate the condition on board ships associated with Bristol.

Further excavations at Bagendon
Dr Tom Moore and students from Durham University are returning to Bagendon this summer to continue the excavations of the Late Iron Age oppidum complex. The Society is again supporting this excavation with a further grant of £1000 due to the importance of this work in the understanding of the chronology and role of this enclosure.

New Guide to the grounds of Kings Weston House
The Kings Weston Action Group is producing a guide to the historic landscape around the Grade 1 listed Kings Weston House to the North of Bristol. The Society is supporting the production of this free guide with a grant of £1000 as it will enable the general public to appreciate this important registered landscaped parkland.

Analysis of human skeletal remains form Berkeley
Students for the University of Bristol have for several years been carrying out excavations at Berkeley. During 2007-8 some 35 human skeletal remains were recovered and the University now wishes to analyse these late 17th century and early 18th century remains to find out about the health, wealth, diet, well-being, life span, working conditions, etc of these Berkeley occupants. The Society is providing a grant of £1500 to these costs.

Survey of Sudeley Castle estate
Dr Michael Fradley and assistants from the University of York will be carrying out a comprehensive analytical earthwork and geophysical survey of the Sudeley Castle estate. The landscape of Sudeley is immensely important archaeologically and little work has been done recently but it is a site with huge research potential. The Society is providing a grant of £550 towards the cost of this survey which will be carried out as part of the newly formed Sudeley Castle Archaeology Research Project.

Aerial Photograph of a River Severn 18th century breakwater
Arthur Price and Rose Hewlett have discovered an old 18th century breakwater in the River Severn called Hock Crib. This was thought to have vanished but is still visible on a few occasions when there is an extremely low tide, if the sand banks are clear and there has been no rain. Due to the rare and short times that it is exposed it is not possible to carry out a detailed ground survey but with a remote controlled machine aerial photographs can be taken from which plans can be drawn. The Society is granting £430 to cover the cost of the aerial photographs.

Pottery analysis at Kingsholm, Gloucester
During the Kingsholm community archaeology project funded by the HLF and the Society much pottery has been recovered from test pits and the society is granting £420 to cover some of the costs of the analysis of this pottery by an expert.


History on your doorstep- Kingsholm Archaeology
The Gloucestershire County Council Archaeology Service has obtained a grant from The Heritage Lottery Fund for a community archaeology project, focussing on the history and archaeology of the Kingsholm area of Gloucester. The Society is supporting this project with a grant of £1000 towards the cost of supervising and organising a geophysical survey and test pitting in areas where evidence of Roman (in particular the boundaries of the first Roman fort) and early medieval occupation may be found.

Sample Excavation at Bagendon
Dr Tom Moore and students of Department of Archaeology of Durham University will be carrying out a sample excavation of a 'banjo' style enclosure within the Late Iron Age Bagendon oppidum complex during the summer of 2012. The Society is supporting this excavation with a grant of £1000 towards the cost of equipment hire and transport


The Bristol and South Gloucestershire Felt Hat Industry
Chris Heal is researching the felt hat industry of Bristol and South Gloucestershire which from 1530 split into small workshops, manufactories, wholesale warehouses and retail outlets. They were managed by London or Bristol based firms or by individuals or small groups of feltmakers The feltmakers operated in some twenty villages between Rangeworthy and Oldland Common. The project will indentify and catalogue these sites by owner. period, type, location and where p[possible employment. The grant will be used to cover expenses in visiting various archives, libraries and museums.

Archaeological Evaluation of floor area of Deerhurst Church
Two groups of pews installed in 1861-2 will be removed from the church and the area of flooring exposed will be excavated to record surviving medieval or earlier features in the hope of establishing the plan of walls seen in 1861, to retrieve any worked stone or other finds of historical interest. The grant will be used for fees for professional supervision and surveying to record the features which will be uncovered during excavation by the Friends of Deerhurst church.


The Concealed life of the English Urban Family in 17th century
Dr Andrey Makarov will be analysing the concealed life of English Urban Families of Gloucestershire market towns in the 17th century; their feelings, interfamily relationships, leisure time, etc. The grant will enable him to research unpublished and published records in Gloucestershire Archives including letters, diaries, journals, wills, inventories, marriage agreements and other material. This will be complimented by a comparative study of Welsh Urban Families of the border regions of Wales.

Small Elite Houses in Gloucestershire and around Bristol
Stephen Hague will seek to explore the social status and social boundary between the ‘middling sort’ and the lesser landed gentry between 1680 and 1760 by examining the architecture, landscapes and furnishings of over eighty small elite houses in Gloucestershire and around Bristol.

Cheltenham’s role in the Pied Piper Scheme
At the beginning of WWII an evacuation scheme known as Pied Piper was introduced to evacuate children from cities under threat of bombing. Virginia Adsett is researching Cheltenham’s role as an evacuation centre using existing archive material, newspaper reports and oral evidence.

Lloyd George Domesday Survey
Between 1910 and 1915 a record of all land values in England was taken and Dr Anthea Jones will be heading a BGAS project to transcribe the information for Gloucestershire into a database listing owners, occupiers, amount of land and its value. This will then be used to analyse the land holding patterns in Gloucestershire and compare these in different communities and areas.


Recorded Crime in Gloucestershire and Bristol 1770 to 1830
Tony Langley is examining the nature and causes of recorded crime in Gloucestershire and Bristol between 1770 and 1830 for his PhD thesis at Oxford Brookes University and a grant has been awarded to him to cover some expenses in travel and accommodation in London whilst researching at the National Archives and in Bristol at the Bristol Record Office.

Analysis of skeletal material from Kingsholm, Gloucester
Carolyn Heighway is carrying out a review of the evidence for Gloucester in the post-Roman period and this includes a re-examination of the cemetery evidence and in particular material from the late cemetery at Kingsholm including burial I excavated in 1972. This burial was of a male aged 25-30 and the grant will enable an analysis of skeletal material to be carried out to provide information about childhood origin and about diet.

Geophysical Survey at Bagendon
Dr Tom Moore is leading a team from Durham University in carry out a geophysical survey inside the Late Iron Age Bagendon oppidium complex. This is part of a wider project to contextualize the earlier, partial investigation of sites inside the Bagendon oppidium within a wider understanding of the nature of activity in the complex. The grant will cover expenses for the 7 day field season of geophysics.

The Catholic Question in Bristol Public Life 1820-29
John Stevens is writing an article on the above subject with a view to it being published by the Society and the grant is being used to cover the photographing of portraits/engravings of some of the leading men involved.

Berry Hill, Forest of Dean
Stephen Yeates is working on a project to establish a context for the establishment of the extra-parochial village of Berry Hill in the Forest of Dean. Preliminary research indicates that Berry Hill is a planned village built between 1680 and 1760 on extra-parochial land in the forest of Dean. This grant will cover expenses on more detailed research.

Wiggold Prehistoric Landscape Project, Lower Ampney Enclosure
The starting point of excavations at Wiggold carried out by Bournmouth University, under the direction of Professor Timothy Darvill in 2006 was the Little Ampney enclosure. This formed the centre-piece of a field school run in 2007 and 2008 for which a grant was awarded in 2008. Work is now in hand to complete the final report on the excavations at Little Ampney and the present grant will be used for the preparation of maps, plans, sections and diagrammes to illustrate the report.

Tar Barrows Project, Cirencester
A settlement around Tar Barrows to the north-east of Cirencester was recently discovered and Dr Peter Guest of Cardiff University and Matthew Reynolds of Cirencester College will be organising a fieldwalking survey this year of approximately 5 days by undergraduates from Cardiff University and Archaeology A-Level students from Cirencester. The grant will cover some of the expenses in identifying the material collected and the preparation of a report describing the Tar Barrow material


Wiggold Excavations near Cirencester
Professor Timothy Darvill of the University of Bournmouth is leading archaeological digs at Wiggold near Cirencester. The aim of the Wiggold project is to develop a narrative understanding of a typical section of east Cotswold landscape from early post-glacial times through to the 20th century. The project will run for between 5 and 10 years and already many objects including flint, bones and pottery have been discovered which require scientific analysis. This grant will enable this analysis to be undertaken.

Roman Mosaics in Britain
Dr Stephen Cosh and his colleague David Neal have for many years been recording Roman mosaics in Britain and commenced publishing, through the Society of Antiquaries, a four-volume corpus of which 2 volumes have already appeared. Volume 4, due to be published in 2009, will cover Gloucestershire and the grant will go towards some of the costs of photography and research.


WWII Anti-invasion defense network
Philip Rowe, a PhD student at the University of Bristol, is writing his thesis on the WWII anti-invasion defence network in Great Britain and asks the question; would the defence network setup by Southern Command between 1940 and 1942, as part of a national network of anti-invasion measures, have halted an invasion force? The grant will be used to obtain copies of aerial photographs taken in 1948 covering the ‘stop line green’ from Highbridge, Somerset to Framilode, south of Gloucester

Landscape and Society at Hazleton, Gloucestershire
Professor Christopher Dyer and David Aldred have for some years been carrying out a programme of field work and documentary research on Hazleton township with the aim of defining the changes in the historic landscape from the earliest times until the present day. This work will result in a substantial article for the Transactions and the grant will be used to provide a number of illustrations including maps and plans.

Bristol and Gloucestershire personal names to 1362
Cornelia Carnes will be using original manuscripts such as Lay Subsidy Rolls, Jurors’ Lists, and many smaller charters found in local archives offices, the British Library and the National Archives, etc to establish the distribution, phonology, etymology and syntactical forms of Middle Ages person names in Gloucestershire.

Late Saxon pottery at Berkeley Castle
During excavations at Berkeley in 2005 an important assemblage of late Saxon pottery was recovered. Dr Stuart Prior of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Bristol wishes to establish the source of this pottery and thin section analysis and inductively-coupled plasma spectroscopy will enable comparisons to be made with samples from Gloucester and from Wiltshire. The grant will contribute towards the cost of this analysis.


Northleach Parish Church

Mrs Selina Balance has been awarded a grant to help her publish her new findings on how and when Northleach parish church was built. She has been researching Northleach parish church for several years. Her work will explain the building sequence of the church by careful examination of the masonry and from contemporary descriptions by visitors. She will also describe the various ways in which the furnishings and internal layout of the church have changed over the last four hundred years.

Clay Pipes in the Stroud area

Dr. Allen Peacey aims to establish a typology for some clay pipes whose origins can be identified. This will enable many previously unidentifiable pipes to be recognized for the first time. In the late 17th century pipes were being supplied to the Stroud area from various Wiltshire makers and from Bristol, Gloucester and Broseley. The aim of the project is to sample products known to come from these centres, collected from the Stroud area. The grant will be used towards the chemical analysis and thin section tests to establish if possible a definitive character for each.